The different meanings of "como" in Spanish
We know that "cómo" means "how" but, what else?
Well, it has a few meanings and uses.
I put together the most relevant ones (99% of them) and I included a couple expressions to play with!
In questions (also in exclamations), como has an accent mark on the "o".
Remember also that questions can be indirect, without having question marks. They usually start with the following or similar:
Quiero saber (I want to know)
No sé (I don't know)
Dime (Tell me)
Ok, now let's go into the different meanings of "cómo"!
To ask what does something or someone look like or other qualities.
¿Cómo es tu primo? - What does your cousin look like?
/ What is his personality like?
Ex: (indirect question)
Dime cómo es tu primo - Tell me what your cousin looks like/what's his personality like.
¿Cómo estás? - How are you (feeling)?
¿Cómo puedo solucionar esto? - How can I solve this?
Remember that when it's not in a question nor an exclamation, "como" doesn't have an accent mark.
Equivalence in comparison.
Es tan lista como yo - She's as clever as me.
Similarity to something/someone else.
Estaban llorando como niños - They were crying like children.
In some cases, a better translation of this is "the way", expressing the way or method in which something is done.
Es exactamente como me describiste - It's exactly the way you described it / like you described it.
Vamos a cocinar, como los cocineros (cocinan) - We're going to cook the way cooks cook /like cooks cook.
At the beginning of a sentence.
Como no me dices nada, no sé qué comprarte - Because you don't tell me anything, I don't know what to buy you.
"Como si nada" or "como si tal cosa"
They both can translated as "just like that" or "as if nothing had happened".
If I had to recommend just one, I'd say the first, it's a bit more common.
Identify what type of "como" are the ones on the following sentences. Expressions are not included.
1- Como no había nada que hacer, me aburrí mucho.
2- ¿Cómo te llamas?
3- Tiene una casa como las casas de las revistas.
4 -¿Cómo sabes si es la tela adecuada?
5 -Corre como un atleta profesional.
6- Estamos tan cansados como ellos.
7- ¿Cómo es la costa del sur de España?
8- Tienes que hacerlo como lo hice yo antes.
9- Quiero saber cómo es su jardín.
If you have any doubt about this, leave a question in the comments section below! :)
¡Hasta la próxima!